30 May 2019

Firearms Safety

Always treat the firearm as if it is loaded. - Even if you know it isn’t.

To this end, there are five basic rules we use to ensure that shooting remains the safest sport in the world:

(1) Never point a firearm at anyone, even in jest. Carry it muzzle-up when off the range (or better yet, in a case or slip).
(2) Do not shoulder or load the firearm until the Range Conducting Officer has confirmed the range is clear and called “Start”.
(3) Never offer a firearm to anyone without showing that it is clear.
(4) Never accept a firearm from anyone unless they have proved clear and you have checked clear.
(5) When not shooting, the firearm must have the bolt removed or a breech-flag inserted. The magazine should be removed if the firearm has one.

  • NEVER rely on the safety catch.
  • ALWAYS remove the bolt or use a breech flag. Firearm safety falls under two main categories

State Awareness

This is knowing exactly whether your firearm is loaded, loaded and cocked, cocked but unloaded, etc. The only time a firearm should ever be loaded is when it is on the range, shouldered, pointing down-range and you are ready to shoot. Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until you are ready to shoot. This prevents negligent discharges. They only happen if you are being negligent. When you unload, inspect the chamber to ensure it is clear, remove the bolt and/or insert a breech flag. Safety catches are difficult to check and are not a 100% guarantee of safety.

Muzzle Discipline

Always carry the rifle pointing upwards. This way it cannot be accidentally pointed at your friends and fellow shooters. Also, if you are at an outdoor meeting and drop it, you are not dropping your £1100 barrel muzzle-first into the mud, gravel or onto concrete. When shooting, always keep the firearm pointed downrange. This is fairly easy with long rifles, but if you are standing, or shooting pistols, it is very easy to twist the firearm to inspect the chamber or magazine, and realise that it is now pointed at your neighbour.

.22 Calibre Round

The .22 Long Rifle rimfire cartridge is a long established variety of ammunition, and in terms of units sold is still by far the most common in the world today. The cartridge is often referred to simply as .22 LR. It is occasionally referred to by its metric designation of 5.6 x 15mm. By combining the casing of the .22 Long with the 40 grain bullet of the .22 Extra Long. For many decades, it has been a very popular cartridge around the world. It is one of the few cartridges that are acceptedby a large variety of rifles, as well as pistols. Virtually every manufacturer of cartridge firearms makes at least one model chambering it.

The .22 Long Rifle and related cartridges (.22 Short, .22 Long and .22 Extra Long) use a heeled bullet, which means that the bullet is the same diameter as the case, and has a narrower "heel" portion that fits in the case.

.22 LR is effective within 150 metres (495 ft). After 150 metres the ballistics of the round are such that the large "drop" will be difficult to compensate. The relatively short effective range, low report, and light recoil has made it a favourite for use as a target practice cartridge.

Targets for Small Bore

Although they differ in size for the different ranges, all targets are black circles with white lines depicting the different scoring rings. The target is printed on a piece of card - known as a 'Card'. The actual black circle is known as an aiming mark, or more correctly, a 'diagram'. The aiming marks are sized so that they look the same through the sights at different distances.

At 25 Yards, the card has ten diagrams, each 51mm in diameter, with the score normally being out of 100. The competitor will fire one shot on each diagram.

At 50 metres, the score is normally out of 200. Each card has two diagrams 112mm in diameter, the competitor firing five shots on each diagram of two cards. Some competitions are also shot at 50 yards.

At 100 yards, the score is also normally out of 200. In this case each card has only one diagram of 205mm diameter, at which 10 shots are fired on each of two cards.

Some members also take part in 'three-position' events, that is, a competition will consist of a course of fire using prone, standing and kneeling positions.


Light sporting rifle is shot at twenty yards and fifty metres for rimfire, prone and standing. No slings or any forms of additional support are allowed, but elbow pads may be used when shooting prone.

We do not have an air weapon range.